Below is a list of journal articles related to Free and Charitable Clinics and the medically underserved:
Hwang, Liao, Griffin, and Foley Do Free Clinics Reduce Unnecessary Emergency Department Visits? The Virginian Experience Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 23 (2012): 1189–1204. Click here for full paper.
Darnell, JS What is the Role of Free Clinics in the Safety Net? Medical Care November 2011 - Volume 49 - Issue 11 - p 978–984
Darnell, J.S. A Free Clinic Paradox—Reply. (2011). Archives of Internal Medicine, 171, 8, 789.
Darnell, J.S. Free clinics in the United States: A nationwide survey. (2010). Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 11, 946-953.
Darnell, J.S. (2009). Free Clinics. Encyclopedia of health services research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Darnell, J. S. (2008). Free clinics: What are they and why does the number vary geographically? [Ph.D.]. United States -- Illinois, The University of Chicago.
Ayanian JZ, Weissman JS, Schneider EC, Ginsburg JA, Zaslavsky AM. Unmet health needs of uninsured adults in the United States. JAMA. 2000;284(16):2061-2069.
Shi L, Stevens GD. Vulnerability and the receipt of recommended preventive services: the influence of multiple risk factors. Med Care. 2005;43(2):193-198.
Shi L, Stevens GD. Vulnerability and unmet health care needs: the influence of multiple risk factors. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(2):148-154.
Weissman JS, Epstein AM. The insurance gap: does it make a difference? Annu Rev Public Health. 1993;14:243-270.
Andrulis D, Duchon L, Pryor C, Goodman N. Paying for Health Care When You're Uninsured. Boston, MA: The Access Project; 2003.
Cunningham PJ, Grossman JM, St Peter RF, Lesser CS. Managed care and physicians' provision of charity care. JAMA. 1999;281(12):1087-1092.
Asplin BR, Rhodes KV, Levy H; et al. Insurance status and access to urgent ambulatory care follow-up appointments. JAMA. 2005;294(10):1248-1254.
Fairbrother G, Gusmano MK, Park HL, Scheinmann R. Care for the uninsured in general internists' private offices. Health Aff (Millwood). 2003;22(6):217-224.
O’Toole TP, Simms PM, Dixon BW. Primary care office policies regarding care of uninsured adult patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2001;16(10):693-696.
Weiss E, Haslanger K, Cantor JC. Accessibility of primary care services in safety net clinics in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2001;91(8):1240-1245.
Gusmano MK, Fairbrother G, Park H. Exploring the limits of the safety net: community health centers and care for the uninsured. Health Aff (Millwood). 2002;21(6):188-194.
Leep CJ. 2005 National Profile of Local Health Departments. Washington, DC: National Association of County and City Health Officials; 2006.
Smith DE, Seymour RB. Addiction medicine and the free clinic movement. J Psychoactive Drugs. 1997;29(2):155-160.
Engs RC. Setting up a free clinic for transient youth. Can Nurse. 1971;68(1):33-36.
Gay GR, Smith DE. A free clinic approach to drug abuse. Prev Med. 1973;2(4):543-553.
Jasso NK, Wolkon GH. Drug use, attitudes, and behaviors of youth in an urban free clinic. Int J Addict. 1978;13(2):317-326.
Judd LL, Mandell AJ. "Free clinic" patient population and drug use patterns. Am J Psychiatry. 1972;128(10):1298-1302.
Crump WJ, Fricker RS, Crump AM, James TE. Outcomes and cost savings of free clinic care. J Ky Med Assoc. 2006;104(8):340-343.
McCann J. Free clinics make a comeback. Med World News. 1990;31(15):49.
Toms KM, Walker FM. A free clinic for the working poor. Nurs Outlook. 1973;21(12):770-772.
Geller S, Taylor BM, Scott HD. Free clinics helping to patch the safety net. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(1):42-51.
American Medical Association Website. http://www.ama-assn.org. Accessed March 2, 2004.
Scott HD, Bell J, Geller S, Thomas M. Physicians helping the underserved: the Reach Out Program. JAMA. 2000;283(1):99-104.
Bibeau DL, Howell KA, Rife JC, Taylor ML. The role of a community coalition in the development of health services for the poor and uninsured. Int J Health Serv. 1996;26(1):93-110.
Corner R, Carlyle MK, Bunce H III, Micks DW. Appraisal of health care delivery in a free clinic. Health Serv Rep. 1972;87(8):727-733.
Finke M. Free clinics. Iowa Med. 1997;87(8):314-316.
Fletcher DJ. Fifteen years later, free clinic still thriving: Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic still alive and well. Am Med News. 1982;25(21):11-12.
Gospe SM Jr, Bias RR, Winkler SR. The Edgemont Community Clinic: Durham's student-operated free clinic begins its second decade. N C Med J. 1979;40(6):357-361.
Seizer F. The role of a free clinic in the mid eighties. Urban Health. 1984;13(8):32-33.
Seymour RB. The Haight Ashbury Free Medical Clinic. J Subst Abuse Treat. 1984;1(2):131-135.
Smith DE. The 1995 distinguished lecturer in substance abuse: the Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic—a 30 year retrospective. J Subst Abuse Treat. 1996;13(4):289-294.
Bardack MA, Thompson SH. Model prenatal program at Rush Medical College at St Basil's Free People's Clinic. Public Health Rep. 1993;108(2):161-165.
Clay PG, Clauson KA, Glaros A. Complementary and alternative medicine use by patients visiting a free health clinic: a single-site, pilot study. Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 2004;65(6):481-494.
Davidson MB, Karlan VJ, Hair TL. Effect of a pharmacist-managed diabetes care program in a free medical clinic. Am J Med Qual. 2000;15(4):137-142.
García AA. Clinical and life quality differences between Mexican American diabetic patients at a free clinic and a hospital-affiliated clinic in Texas. Public Health Nurs. doi:01.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00691.x. 2008;25(2):149-158.
Cadzow RB, Servoss TJ, Fox CH. The health status of patients of a student-run free medical clinic in inner-city Buffalo, NY. J Am Board Fam Med. 2007;20(6):572-580.
Carter KF, Green RD, Green L, Dufour LT. Health needs of homeless clients accessing nursing care at a free clinic. J Community Health Nurs. 1994;11(3):139-147.
Keis RM, DeGeus LG, Cashman S, Savageau J. Characteristics of patients at three free clinics. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(4):603-617.
Nadkarni MM, Philbrick JT. Free clinics and the uninsured: the increasing demands of chronic illness. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2003;14(2):165-174.
Rosenbloom AL, Ongley JP, Frias JL. A free clinic for youth in an academic department of pediatrics. South Med J. 1975;68(9):1142-1146.
Schatz BE, Ebrahimi F. Free clinic patient characteristics. Am J Public Health. 1972;62(10):1354-1363.
McCrone S, Cotton S, Jones L, Hawkins TA, Costante J, Nuss M. Depression in a rural, free clinic providing primary care: prevalence and predictive factors. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2007;21(5):291-293.
Campos-Outcalt DE. Specialties chosen by medical students who participated in a student-run, community-based free clinic. Am J Prev Med. 1985;1(4):50-51.
Goldberg JH. Doctors who go the extra mile: Michael Degnan, MD; always an open door, always enough time. Med Econ. 1988;75(20):123-124.
Massengill L. Filipino nurses open a free clinic for the uninsured. Fla Nurse. 2007;55(3):25.
Mitka M. Hitching a ride to health care: retired physicians volunteer to serve the uninsured. JAMA. 2002;288(18):2253-2254.
Grover M, Greenberg T. Quality of care given to 1st time birth-control patients at a free clinic. Am J Public Health. 1976;66(10):986-987.
Stroebel RJ, Gloor B, Freytag S; et al. Adapting the chronic care model to treat chronic illness at a free medical clinic. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005;16(2):286-296.
Smith DE, ed, Bentel DJ, ed, Schwartz JL, ed. The Free Clinic: a Community Approach to Health Care and Drug Abuse. Beloit, WI: Stash Press; 1971.
Smith DE. The free clinic movement in the United States. Med J Aust. 1974;2(4 suppl):34-36.
Taylor RC. Alternative services: the case of free clinics. Int J Health Serv. 1979;9(2):227-253.
Kelleher KC. Free clinics: a solution that can work . . . now! JAMA. 1991;266(6):838-840.
Isaacs SL, Jellinek P. Is there a (volunteer) doctor in the house? free clinics and volunteer physician referral networks in the United States: what was learned from a W. K. Kellogg Foundation–funded effort to understand the role of volunteerism in health care for the underserved. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007;26(3):871-876.
Newman MK. Why doctors don't volunteer at a community-sponsored free health clinic. N C Med J. 1999;60(4):193-197.
Wielawski IM. Reach Out: physicians' initiative to expand care to underserved Americans. In: Isaacs SL, Knickman JR, eds. To Improve Health and Health Care, 1997: the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 1997:1-20.
Beck E. The UCSD student-run free clinic project: transdisciplinary health professional education. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005;16(2):207-219.
Moskowitz D, Glasco J, Johnson B, Wang G. Students in the community: an interprofessional student-run free clinic [published correction appears in J Interprof Care. 2006;20(6):692]. J Interprof Care. 2006;20(3):254-259.
Soller M, Osterberg L. Missed opportunities for patient education and social worker consultation at The Arbor Free Clinic. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(4):538-546.
Yap OW, Thornton DJ. The Arbor Free Clinic at Stanford: a multidisciplinary effort. JAMA. 1995;273(5):431.
Simpson SA, Long JA. Medical student-run health clinics: important contributors to patient care and medical education. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22(3):352-356.
Picart E, Aguayo E, Magan Y, Rahmani A, Pallavicini MG, Roussos S. Student-led services to reduce health disparities due to access: a case study of community-university efforts through the newly founded UC Merced. Paper presented at: 136th American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; October 27, 2008; San Diego, CA.
Reed K. Free clinics and Iowa's uninsured: the last safety net. Iowa Med. 2007;97(2):23.
Fleming O, Mills J. Free clinics in North Carolina: a network of compassion, volunteerism, and quality care for those without healthcare options. N C Med J. 2005;66(2):127-129.
Nadkarni MM, Philbrick JT. Free clinics: a national survey. Am J Med Sci. 2005;330(1):25-31.
Schwartz JL. First national survey of free medical clinics 1967-1969. HSMHA Health Rep. 1971;86(9):775-787.
Weiss GL. Grassroots Medicine: The Story of America's Free Health Clinics. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; 2006.
Health Resources and Services Administration. Report to Congress: A Review of the Free Clinics Network. Rockville, MD: US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2005.
Hager MA, Wilson S, Pollak TH, Rooney PM. Response rates for mail surveys on nonprofit organizations: a review and empirical test. Nonprofit Voluntary Sector Q. 2003;32(2):252-267.
Altman S, ed, Lewin ME, ed. America's Health Care Safety Net: Intact but Endangered. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2000.
Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. The Uninsured: A Primer. Washington, DC: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured; 2008.