Below is a list of journal articles related to Free and Charitable Clinics and the medically underserved:
Hwang, Liao, Griffin, and Foley Do Free Clinics Reduce Unnecessary Emergency Department Visits? The Virginian Experience Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 23 (2012): 1189–1204. Click here for full paper.
Ghazal, Marie, DNP, MS, RN and Rambur, Betty PhD, RN, FAAN Free Clinics and the Need for Nursing Action in Uncertain Political Times. (2018). Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice 0(0) 1-8. Click here for full article
Darnell, JS What is the Role of Free Clinics in the Safety Net? Medical Care November 2011 - Volume 49 - Issue 11 - p 978–984
Darnell, J.S. A Free Clinic Paradox—Reply. (2011). Archives of Internal Medicine, 171, 8, 789.
Darnell, J.S. Free clinics in the United States: A nationwide survey. (2010). Archives of Internal Medicine, 170, 11, 946-953.
Darnell, J.S. (2009). Free Clinics. Encyclopedia of health services research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Darnell, J. S. (2008). Free clinics: What are they and why does the number vary geographically? [Ph.D.]. United States -- Illinois, The University of Chicago.
Ayanian JZ, Weissman JS, Schneider EC, Ginsburg JA, Zaslavsky AM. Unmet health needs of uninsured adults in the United States. JAMA. 2000;284(16):2061-2069.
Shi L, Stevens GD. Vulnerability and the receipt of recommended preventive services: the influence of multiple risk factors. Med Care. 2005;43(2):193-198.
Shi L, Stevens GD. Vulnerability and unmet health care needs: the influence of multiple risk factors. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(2):148-154.
Weissman JS, Epstein AM. The insurance gap: does it make a difference? Annu Rev Public Health. 1993;14:243-270.
Andrulis D, Duchon L, Pryor C, Goodman N. Paying for Health Care When You're Uninsured. Boston, MA: The Access Project; 2003.
Cunningham PJ, Grossman JM, St Peter RF, Lesser CS. Managed care and physicians' provision of charity care. JAMA. 1999;281(12):1087-1092.
Asplin BR, Rhodes KV, Levy H; et al. Insurance status and access to urgent ambulatory care follow-up appointments. JAMA. 2005;294(10):1248-1254.
Fairbrother G, Gusmano MK, Park HL, Scheinmann R. Care for the uninsured in general internists' private offices. Health Aff (Millwood). 2003;22(6):217-224.
O’Toole TP, Simms PM, Dixon BW. Primary care office policies regarding care of uninsured adult patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2001;16(10):693-696.
Weiss E, Haslanger K, Cantor JC. Accessibility of primary care services in safety net clinics in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2001;91(8):1240-1245.
Gusmano MK, Fairbrother G, Park H. Exploring the limits of the safety net: community health centers and care for the uninsured. Health Aff (Millwood). 2002;21(6):188-194.
Leep CJ. 2005 National Profile of Local Health Departments. Washington, DC: National Association of County and City Health Officials; 2006.
Smith DE, Seymour RB. Addiction medicine and the free clinic movement. J Psychoactive Drugs. 1997;29(2):155-160.
Engs RC. Setting up a free clinic for transient youth. Can Nurse. 1971;68(1):33-36.
Gay GR, Smith DE. A free clinic approach to drug abuse. Prev Med. 1973;2(4):543-553.
Jasso NK, Wolkon GH. Drug use, attitudes, and behaviors of youth in an urban free clinic. Int J Addict. 1978;13(2):317-326.
Judd LL, Mandell AJ. "Free clinic" patient population and drug use patterns. Am J Psychiatry. 1972;128(10):1298-1302.
Crump WJ, Fricker RS, Crump AM, James TE. Outcomes and cost savings of free clinic care. J Ky Med Assoc. 2006;104(8):340-343.
McCann J. Free clinics make a comeback. Med World News. 1990;31(15):49.
Toms KM, Walker FM. A free clinic for the working poor. Nurs Outlook. 1973;21(12):770-772.
Geller S, Taylor BM, Scott HD. Free clinics helping to patch the safety net. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(1):42-51.
American Medical Association Website. http://www.ama-assn.org. Accessed March 2, 2004.
Scott HD, Bell J, Geller S, Thomas M. Physicians helping the underserved: the Reach Out Program. JAMA. 2000;283(1):99-104.
Bibeau DL, Howell KA, Rife JC, Taylor ML. The role of a community coalition in the development of health services for the poor and uninsured. Int J Health Serv. 1996;26(1):93-110.
Corner R, Carlyle MK, Bunce H III, Micks DW. Appraisal of health care delivery in a free clinic. Health Serv Rep. 1972;87(8):727-733.
Finke M. Free clinics. Iowa Med. 1997;87(8):314-316.
Fletcher DJ. Fifteen years later, free clinic still thriving: Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic still alive and well. Am Med News. 1982;25(21):11-12.
Gospe SM Jr, Bias RR, Winkler SR. The Edgemont Community Clinic: Durham's student-operated free clinic begins its second decade. N C Med J. 1979;40(6):357-361.
Seizer F. The role of a free clinic in the mid eighties. Urban Health. 1984;13(8):32-33.
Seymour RB. The Haight Ashbury Free Medical Clinic. J Subst Abuse Treat. 1984;1(2):131-135.
Smith DE. The 1995 distinguished lecturer in substance abuse: the Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic—a 30 year retrospective. J Subst Abuse Treat. 1996;13(4):289-294.
Bardack MA, Thompson SH. Model prenatal program at Rush Medical College at St Basil's Free People's Clinic. Public Health Rep. 1993;108(2):161-165.
Clay PG, Clauson KA, Glaros A. Complementary and alternative medicine use by patients visiting a free health clinic: a single-site, pilot study. Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 2004;65(6):481-494.
Davidson MB, Karlan VJ, Hair TL. Effect of a pharmacist-managed diabetes care program in a free medical clinic. Am J Med Qual. 2000;15(4):137-142.
García AA. Clinical and life quality differences between Mexican American diabetic patients at a free clinic and a hospital-affiliated clinic in Texas. Public Health Nurs. doi:01.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00691.x. 2008;25(2):149-158.
Cadzow RB, Servoss TJ, Fox CH. The health status of patients of a student-run free medical clinic in inner-city Buffalo, NY. J Am Board Fam Med. 2007;20(6):572-580.
Carter KF, Green RD, Green L, Dufour LT. Health needs of homeless clients accessing nursing care at a free clinic. J Community Health Nurs. 1994;11(3):139-147.
Keis RM, DeGeus LG, Cashman S, Savageau J. Characteristics of patients at three free clinics. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(4):603-617.
Nadkarni MM, Philbrick JT. Free clinics and the uninsured: the increasing demands of chronic illness. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2003;14(2):165-174.
Rosenbloom AL, Ongley JP, Frias JL. A free clinic for youth in an academic department of pediatrics. South Med J. 1975;68(9):1142-1146.
Schatz BE, Ebrahimi F. Free clinic patient characteristics. Am J Public Health. 1972;62(10):1354-1363.
McCrone S, Cotton S, Jones L, Hawkins TA, Costante J, Nuss M. Depression in a rural, free clinic providing primary care: prevalence and predictive factors. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2007;21(5):291-293.
Campos-Outcalt DE. Specialties chosen by medical students who participated in a student-run, community-based free clinic. Am J Prev Med. 1985;1(4):50-51.
Goldberg JH. Doctors who go the extra mile: Michael Degnan, MD; always an open door, always enough time. Med Econ. 1988;75(20):123-124.
Massengill L. Filipino nurses open a free clinic for the uninsured. Fla Nurse. 2007;55(3):25.
Mitka M. Hitching a ride to health care: retired physicians volunteer to serve the uninsured. JAMA. 2002;288(18):2253-2254.
Grover M, Greenberg T. Quality of care given to 1st time birth-control patients at a free clinic. Am J Public Health. 1976;66(10):986-987.
Stroebel RJ, Gloor B, Freytag S; et al. Adapting the chronic care model to treat chronic illness at a free medical clinic. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005;16(2):286-296.
Smith DE, ed, Bentel DJ, ed, Schwartz JL, ed. The Free Clinic: a Community Approach to Health Care and Drug Abuse. Beloit, WI: Stash Press; 1971.
Smith DE. The free clinic movement in the United States. Med J Aust. 1974;2(4 suppl):34-36.
Taylor RC. Alternative services: the case of free clinics. Int J Health Serv. 1979;9(2):227-253.
Kelleher KC. Free clinics: a solution that can work . . . now! JAMA. 1991;266(6):838-840.
Isaacs SL, Jellinek P. Is there a (volunteer) doctor in the house? free clinics and volunteer physician referral networks in the United States: what was learned from a W. K. Kellogg Foundation–funded effort to understand the role of volunteerism in health care for the underserved. Health Aff (Millwood). 2007;26(3):871-876.
Newman MK. Why doctors don't volunteer at a community-sponsored free health clinic. N C Med J. 1999;60(4):193-197.
Wielawski IM. Reach Out: physicians' initiative to expand care to underserved Americans. In: Isaacs SL, Knickman JR, eds. To Improve Health and Health Care, 1997: the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Anthology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 1997:1-20.
Beck E. The UCSD student-run free clinic project: transdisciplinary health professional education. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2005;16(2):207-219.
Moskowitz D, Glasco J, Johnson B, Wang G. Students in the community: an interprofessional student-run free clinic [published correction appears in J Interprof Care. 2006;20(6):692]. J Interprof Care. 2006;20(3):254-259.
Soller M, Osterberg L. Missed opportunities for patient education and social worker consultation at The Arbor Free Clinic. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2004;15(4):538-546.
Yap OW, Thornton DJ. The Arbor Free Clinic at Stanford: a multidisciplinary effort. JAMA. 1995;273(5):431.
Simpson SA, Long JA. Medical student-run health clinics: important contributors to patient care and medical education. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22(3):352-356.
Picart E, Aguayo E, Magan Y, Rahmani A, Pallavicini MG, Roussos S. Student-led services to reduce health disparities due to access: a case study of community-university efforts through the newly founded UC Merced. Paper presented at: 136th American Public Health Association Annual Meeting; October 27, 2008; San Diego, CA.
Reed K. Free clinics and Iowa's uninsured: the last safety net. Iowa Med. 2007;97(2):23.
Fleming O, Mills J. Free clinics in North Carolina: a network of compassion, volunteerism, and quality care for those without healthcare options. N C Med J. 2005;66(2):127-129.
Nadkarni MM, Philbrick JT. Free clinics: a national survey. Am J Med Sci. 2005;330(1):25-31.
Schwartz JL. First national survey of free medical clinics 1967-1969. HSMHA Health Rep. 1971;86(9):775-787.
Weiss GL. Grassroots Medicine: The Story of America's Free Health Clinics. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; 2006.
Health Resources and Services Administration. Report to Congress: A Review of the Free Clinics Network. Rockville, MD: US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2005.
Hager MA, Wilson S, Pollak TH, Rooney PM. Response rates for mail surveys on nonprofit organizations: a review and empirical test. Nonprofit Voluntary Sector Q. 2003;32(2):252-267.
Altman S, ed, Lewin ME, ed. America's Health Care Safety Net: Intact but Endangered. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2000.
Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. The Uninsured: A Primer. Washington, DC: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured; 2008.